Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), also known as lifestyle diseases, are among the most serious threats to South African health.
They are the result of our lifestyle choices, in combination with genetic, physiological, environmental, and behavioural factors.
The most common are hypertension, commonly known as high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity. It is imperative to have regular or annual check-ups.
According to Dr Morgan Mkhatshwa, Head of Operations at Bonitas Medical Fund, the Body Mass Indicator (BMI), which is used to determine if you are a healthy weight, nearly 70% of women in South Africa are overweight or obese.
Checking your blood glucose is crucial because more than 4.6 million South Africans have diabetes, which comes in two basic varieties: Type 1 and Type 2. Diabetes’s undetected state is one of its biggest problems.
It’s crucial to get tested because this can cause amputation, kidney failure, impotence, blindness, heart attack, and stroke.
When blood pressure remains high over time, it is called hypertension. Due to the fact that roughly 33% of those who have it are unaware of having it, it is frequently referred to as the “silent killer”.
If your blood pressure is too high, it puts additional strain on your arteries. Hypertension can also lead to kidney failure, vision issues, and heart disease if it is not managed.
- Normal 120/80 to 129/84
- Upper end of Normal 130/85 to 139/89
- Mild hypertension 140/90 to 159/99
- Moderate hypertension 160/100 to 179/109
- Severe hypertension More than 180/110
Dr Mkhatshwa also advocates specific checks for women.