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LIVE BLOG: World Cup, Day 17 – Portugal set up quarter-final with Morocco

Welcome to day 17 of the Fifa World Cup in Qatar. IOL Sport will bring you all the live updates from the biggest sports...

Gonçalo Ramos scores hat-trick as Portugal hit Switzerland for six

Lusail — Portugal's Goncalo Ramos scored a hat-trick on his first World Cup start to help his side beat Switzerland 6-1 on Tuesday and...

Business & Finance

PORTFOLIO POINTERS: Are we not sailing into the wind?

By Reza Hendrickse and Prieur du Plessis The more things change, the more they stay the same. For investors, with 2020 still fresh in their minds, this year has been yet another case in point. With so much having changed this year, it is easy to believe we’ve entered a new paradigm. But although much has changed, the future is no less certain than it was a year, or two, or even ten years ago. Investing today is equally challenging, because we’re still looking to make portfolio decisions in hig..
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How Sub-Saharan Africa can significantly reduce its cigarette consumption


Sub-Saharan Africa is poised to suffer a tobacco pandemic given the overall prevalence of cigarette consumption.

This is a result of the tobacco industry's aggressive marketing campaigns, rapid economic and population expansion, or both.

The demand for tobacco goods can be decreased by raising the excise duty on these items since higher taxes make tobacco products more expensive and hence less accessible.

Because fewer individuals start smoking and more people already smoke less, higher tobacco product prices lead to decreased smoking prevalence.

They also lessen the intensity of tobacco use by restricting the number of cigarettes that current smokers can afford to consume.

Although the link between price and demand for tobacco products is unfavourably correlated at worldwide level, authorities frequently require local data before adopting changes to their policies.

A reason for the observed policy stagnation in the domain of tobacco taxation on the continent may be the paucity of studies on the association between cigarette pricing and smoking outcomes in the African environment.

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The British Medical Journal Tobacco Control has released a new study by Samantha Filby of the University of Cape Town that aimed to fill this knowledge vacuum by examining the relationship between cigarette costs and smoking outcomes in eight sub-Saharan African nations.

Botswana, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, and Uganda were among the nations analysed.

Cigarette costs are a statistically significant predictor of both smoking involvement and intensity, according to the study, which is based on a sample of 51 270 people from these eight African nations (the number of cigarettes smoked).

More specifically, the findings demonstrate that increasing cigarette costs are linked to declines in smoking prevalence and intensity among smokers in the examined nations, according to Filby.

To determine how sensitive cigarette consumption is to changes in cigarette costs, economists utilise a concept known as "price elasticity of cigarette demand".

According to Filby's estimation, the price elasticity of smoking prevalence in the sample is -0.362, which means that for the studied nations, a 10% rise in cigarette costs is linked to a 3.62% drop in smoking prevalence.

Regarding the intensity of smoking, she predicts that a 10% increase in cigarette pricing will result in a 1.33% decrease in the number of cigarettes smoked by current smokers.

The study also demonstrates that when a person smokes for longer periods of time, the less of an influence higher costs have on how many cigarettes they consume.

When considered as a whole, the data demonstrates that, for this sample of African nations, the impact of a price-led decline in cigarette demand is more significant for smoking prevalence than for smoking intensity.

Filby considers this to be fortunate. The epidemiology research unequivocally demonstrates that quitting smoking has a considerably higher positive effect on public health than cutting back on cigarette use.

"This finding makes an increase in the excise tax a more powerful weapon for decreasing cigarette usage than in those nations where the principal impact of a price increase is on lowering smoking intensity," the study's authors write.

Governments throughout the continent now have evidence about the connection between cigarette costs and smoking-related outcomes that is pertinent to their own communities.

The study highlights the need for African governments to raise excise taxes on tobacco products in order to deter smoking and, ultimately, prevent the continent from becoming the future epicentre of the tobacco epidemic.

This is because governments can affect the price of cigarettes by altering the excise tax.

Read the latest IOL Health digital magazine here.

Crime & Courts

Hijacking suspect a SAPS detective

Cape Town - The vigilance of Law Enforcement officers patrolling the Cape Town CBD in the early hours of Tuesday morning led to the arrest of a hijacker who turned out to be a police detective. According to the mayoral committee member for safety and security, Alderman JP Smith, Law Enforcement, and the area west teams had a busy night in the CBD. While officers managed to bust several abalone poachers shortly after midnight, Smith said vigilant officers noted a hijacking in progress at a Caltex..

Shepherd Bushiri co-accused Willah Mudolo may not leave SA for now

Pretoria - One of the people accused of allegedly defrauding members of the Enlightened Christian Gathering alongside fugitive prophet Shepherd Bushiri, Willah Mudolo, may not leave Gauteng for now. Mudolo may only leave the province pending the outcome of the high-profile trial when it eventually gets under way. The director of public prosecutions launched an appeal earlier this month in the Gauteng High Court, Pretoria, against an order issued by the Pretoria Magistrate’s Court granting Mudolo..

Alleged Albertinia child killer was known to ‘love’ children

Cape Town - The Albertinia community in the Southern Cape is in an uproar following the arrest of a 53-year-old man who hid the bodies of 9-year-old Jacorine Maurelia Vaaltyn and 10-year-old Sharon Arries in his shack after he had suffocated them. Police confirmed the suspect had been arrested on Friday after the gruesome discovery of the two little girls’ bodies at the suspect’s residence in Jan Fiskaal Street on Thursday evening. Police spokesperson Malcolm Pojie said: “A 53-year-old suspect… ..

Concern over spike in trauma cases in Cape Town

Cape Town - The City of Cape Town has raised its concern as it sees a spike in trauma and assault cases reported via the City’s Emergency Communication Centre (PECC), week-on-week. It said the spikes, unsurprisingly, coincide with public holidays and pay day weekends. According to the mayoral committee member for safety and security, Alderman JP Smith, a cursory glance at the comparative weekend statistics recorded by the PECC shows not only an increase in overall incidents but also an increase ..

Pongola truck driver abandons bail application

Durban - The truck driver in the fatal Pongola crash that claimed the lives of 18 people has abandoned his bail application. Sibusiso Siyaya, 28, made a second appearance in the Pongola Magistrate’s Court on Monday. In court today, Siyaya opted to abandon his bail application, and the matter was adjourned to October 25 for further investigations. On September 16, a total of 20 people died in a head-on collision between a truck and a light delivery vehicle. The horror crash claimed the lives of 1..
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